Inquiry-Based Reading Lesson PlanGrade 3 Fiction Text


To introduce the idea that readers ask questions about texts and look for the answers to questions within the text itself



Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

Students will answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text.



Copy of grade-level text


Students will ask questions to demonstrate understanding of a text.

Student Activity: 5 Ws and an H

  • Begin by asking students to share some of the things good readers do when reading a text (e.g., determine the meaning of new words, make connections, think about the author’s purpose).
  • List students’ ideas on the board or chart paper (using the table below).
  • Explain that one thing good readers do is ask and answer questions about the text.
  • Ask students if they can think of any questions they might ask themselves while reading a story. For example,
  • “Who is the main character?”
  • “Where does the story take place?”
  • “When does the story take place?”
  • List students’ suggestions on the board or chart paper, sorting them into categories where appropriate: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How.
  • Explain that these categories are known as the “5 Ws and an H” and provide a useful way for thinking about questions to ask of any text.


Tell students that you’d like them to always think about asking and answering questions as they read. Invite students to record their questions in a reading journal.

An alternative option is  to play Jeopardy using the 5 Ws and an H as categories. You can have students develop questions for each category themselves. During play, require that students refer to the text when answering questions.

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